Worms are parasitic worms that live in the human body. It is known that there are about three hundred species of helminths in the world. Worms parasitize the internal organs and cause various diseases.
Parasitic eggs enter the human body in several ways.
- Contact is one of the most common ways to enter the human body. Infectious helminthiasis is transmitted when personal hygiene rules are not followed (unwashed hands).
- Geohelminthoses. Larvae enter the soil or water through the feces of sick animals or through the transfer of insects. The main carriers of the infection are flies. Also, the source of invasion is direct contact with a sick animal through feces, saliva or wool.
- Biohelmintosis. Infection occurs through food. Worm eggs enter the body through unwashed vegetables, fruits and eggs. Inadequate cooking of meat, fish and seafood also causes occupation.
- transmission path. Some parasites enter the body through insect bites.
Signs of the appearance of worms
You can determine the presence of a disease in a person using the following symptoms:
- itching in the anus;
- swelling, flatulence;
- violation of the chair;
- allergic rashes on the body;
- weight changes;
- chronic fatigue syndrome.
If these symptoms appear, you should immediately contact your doctor, who will send you for tests and diagnose the disease.
Treatment of worms
It is not possible to detect the disease immediately. The hidden period can last for years. After diagnosis, anthelmintic drugs are prescribed by a specialist who performs a series of tests to determine the type of parasite and the stage of the disease. A specific course of treatment will be determined for each type of parasite. In this case, self-medication is contraindicated. In the acute form of the disease, the doctor prescribes infusions and injections.
Anthelmintic treatment is not always effective, so the course of therapy is repeated after a few weeks. During treatment, some of the helminthic worms die and come out in the feces.
Treatment of worms has an integrated approach, including the use of immunotherapy and antibacterial drugs. All family members should receive a helminthiasis prevention course.